Comprising 28 Islands, with an area of 1841 sq km the Nicobar group of Islands is separated from Andamans by the ten degree channel. The Nicobars abound in coconut palms, casuarinas and pandanus. Great and Little Nicobar have dark crab-eating monkeys with long tails. Nicobar pigeons are in plenty. Magapode, a rare bird, is found in Great Nicobar. The southernmost tip of India, ‘Indira Point ‘ is in Great Nicobar Island.
Car Nicobar Islands
Car Nicobar Island is situated 270 km by sea from Port Blair. Comprising of 28 Island, with an area of 1841 sq km. the Nicobar Islands are separated from Andamans by the Ten Degree Channel, The Nicobarese Pigeons in plenty. Megapode, a rare bird is found in Great Nicobar. The southernmost tip of India is not Kanyakumari as has till recently been considered, it is Indira Point in Great Nicobar Island. Nicobar group is out of bounds for foreigners at present. Indians may be given permission in exceptional causes on application.
Barren Island is situated 135 km by sea. The only active volcano in India, erupted twice in recent past, once in 1991 and again in 1944-95, after remaining dormant for about 177 years. The island about 3 km, in diameter, is having a big crater of the volcano rising abruptly from the sea, about half kilometer from the shore and is about 150 fathoms deep. The volcano is again dormant. This is presently not on tourist’s itinerary.
It is around 120 km far from Port Blair. It is one of the main islands of the Andaman group, a closely set in the Bay of Bengal, adjoining the Andaman Sea, Middle Andaman is to its north, and South Andaman to the South. The area of this Island is approximately 238 sq km. This island is rich with wode range of beaches, evergreen forest, colorful birds and butterflies. The roadways journey for Baratang Island is passing through a evergreen dense and connected with vehicle ferries. This island is more commonly referred to as simply ‘Baratang. Baratang holds the natures best treasures gifted to the Islands. Limestone caves, Active Mud Volcano, Tothatekri, Baludera Beach & Roglachang Beach are just a few of them.
Cinque Island actually comprises two islets, joined by a spectacular sand isthmus, with shallow water either side that covers it completely at high tide. The main incentive to come here is the superlative diving and snorkeling around the reefs. However, heaps of dead coral on the beach attest to damage wreaked by the Indian navy during the construction of the swish ‘cottages’ overlooking the beach. Rumour has it that these were built for the visit of a Thai VIP in 1996, but local government officials now use them as bolt holes from Port Blair. Although there are no ferries to Cinque, it is possible to arrange dinghies from Chiriya Tapu village on South Andaman. Currently, your permit only allows you to spend the day on the island overnight stays are prohibited.
Whild at Port Blair, the nearest place to view the corals and enchanting marine life is North Bay, at the foothills of Mount Harriet. Coral and marine life can be seen by snorkeling or with the help of glass bottom boats. Swimming should be limited to the shallow waters near the beach. Private boats services are available from Port Blair and the journey take 15 minutes.
Little Andaman Island
Little Andaman Island is situated 120 km from Port Blair. This is practically a virgin land with an area of about 300 sq miles. It is full of very rich timber with scope for development of agriculture, plantation etc. The refugees from East Pakistan and repatriates from Ceylon were wettled in this Island. Andaman & Nicobar Island forest and Plantation Development Corporation, a Govt of India undertaking is harvesting timber and exports logs in large-scale from here.
Diglipur situated 180 km by sea. Situate North of Mayabunder, it provides a rare experience of sea sun and fun for eco-friendly tourists. It is famous for its oranges, rice and marine life. Kalipur, a sandy beach is being developed as a tourist complex. Saddle Peak, 732 metres, the highest point in the islands is nearby. Kalpang, the only river of Andaman flows from here on which the first hydro – electric project of the islands is coming up. It is connected by two daily boat services from Mayabunder via Kalighat and a boat service form Port Blair twice a week to Aerial Bay Jetty.
Mayabunder is situated 240 km by road and 136 km by sea. Situated in the northern part of Middle Andaman, it has excellent scenic beauty and good beaches. Inhabited by the settlers from Burma, the area near East Pakistan and exconvicts, Mayabunder has a distinct culture. Karmatang beach, a turtle nesting ground, is being developed as tourist complex. Boat and Bus services are available.
Rangat is situated 170 km by road and 90 km by sea. Rangat provides a real attraction for an ecologically conscious tourist, who can enjoy the virgin nature and breathe unpolluted air, a rare commodity for the city dweller. Cuthbest Bay beach, 15km, away has also turtle nesting ground and has been identified for developing a tourist complex.